自2004年以来, Southern Company has catalyzed public and private conservation actions to reclaim the extraordinarily diverse cultural, ecological and socio-economic values of the longleaf pine ecosystem and continues to play a leadership role in restoration efforts.
The beauty and biodiversity of America’s longleaf pine forests is a well-kept secret, 甚至在它们的故乡南方. 曾经有九千万英亩的土地, these magnificent pines towering over diverse grasslands dominated the coastal plains from eastern Texas to the southern tip of Virginia. 只有亚马逊雨林能与之匹敌, the longleaf ecosystem displays more biodiversity than any other ecosystem on Earth.
The longleaf trees above are spaced far enough apart to allow sunlight to stream down to the forest floor, creating optimal growing conditions for hundreds of plants such as the flowering purple lupine and carnivorous pitcher plant.
从历史上看, 长叶松是一种重要的经济资源, providing quality lumber for building and raw material for the naval stores industry. 内战结束后，朗利夫帮助重建了南方, 在21世纪之交, 减少到原来面积的百分之三. Subsequent national fire suppression policies and practices were a major contributor to the continuing decline; prescribed fire is one of the most important management tools to restore this ecosystem to its former glory.
That decline has been halted and reversed due to the longleaf restoration activities of dozens of partner organizations. Efforts are underway to reclaim the South’s longleaf legacy and renew appreciation for this dynamic ecosystem. While some of the best remaining longleaf stands are on public lands actively managed using prescribed fire, 例如国家森林和军事基地, 南方大部分土地为私人所有, making landowners – and public-private partnerships – the key to successful, 长期的恢复.
The expansive longleaf pine ecosystem restoration effort is a national model of landscape-scale conservation, 有助于塑造未来的保护方式.
Longleaf pines now occupy more than five percent of their original range. Longleaf ecosystems contain a stunning diversity of plants - nearly 600 species, 其中一半被认为是罕见的. 恢复这一生态系统是政府机构的头等大事, 保护团体和公众. Millions of people enjoy hunting, fishing, birding and hiking in longleaf forests.
南方公司已通过投资回收长叶松 国家鱼类和野生动物基金会(NFWF) 自2004年以来. 2012年，四个联邦机构——美国联邦调查局.S. 美国国防部、美国国防委员会和美国国务院.S. Department of Agriculture’s Natural Resources Conservation Service and Forest Service, and the U.S. Department of Interior’s Fish and Wildlife Service – joined in to launch the 棵长叶管理基金稀疏. The fund supports restoration of the longleaf pine ecosystem through implementation of the 长叶松范围保护计划. This landmark program has since expanded to include nine public and private funders. 集体, over 75 partner organizations across longleaf pine’s historic range have reversed the decline and today there are over 5.500万英亩，而且还在增长.
独特的长叶草原生态系统是许多珍稀动物的家园, 比如红冠啄木鸟(RCW), 地鼠龟和靛蛇, 还有像土耳其这样受欢迎的游戏物种, 北方山齿鹑和白尾鹿. 宽阔的开放，便于观看长距离, a healthy longleaf-grassland ecosystem is dominated by grasses and flowering plants in the understory.